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How to Use the Simple Future Verb Tense for English

Updated: Jan 10

The Future Tense (English Language)

Explanation


The simple future tense is one of the four future tenses which is used to indicate the actions that will be occurring in the future. There are no inflected forms for future tense in the English language such as the -ed or -s ending in other tenses. Instead, the helping verbs will and shall are used while making future tense.

E.g.:

  • I will leave today

  • He shall overcome

Rules for making Simple Future Tense


The various rules for making the simple future tense are discussed below-

  1. Use of going to in making future tense for decisions or conclusions that are already made to do or not to do something or for predicting the result, based on the current situation.

E.g.:

  • We are going to play a cricket match next month.


  • Look at the overcast today. It is going to snow today.


  1. Use of to be, to, is/are +infinitive is used to talk about the actions occurring in the future and also for instructions, obligations, and something that is settled.

E.g.:

  • You are not to answer any of the questions from any one of the officials. (instruction)

  • The president is to meet his successor tomorrow. (arrangement)


  1. Use of be about to +infinitive is used for some event that is going to occur very soon.

E.g.:

  • Everyone settles down when the movie is about to start.

  • We walked quickly home when it was about to rain.

Various patterns of simple future tense for regular verbs





Affirmative Sentences

  1. Subject +will +infinitive without to


  1. I will go

Negative Sentences

  • Subject +will +infinitive without to


  • They will not go

Interrogative Sentences

  • Will + Subject +infinitive without to?


  • Will she ask?


Situations in which ‘future tense’ is used with examples

  1. The simple future tense is used for words like next and tomorrow when talking about future

E.g.:

  • I shall visit the bank tomorrow.

  • My dad is going to come on next weekend.


b) The simple future tense is used to express a promise because promises are usually made for the future.

E.g.:

  • I will not lie to you anymore

  • Believe me, I will not tell anything about you.


c) The simple future tense is used when any guesses or predictions are to be made

E.g.:

  • It will rain today for sure.

  • Who do you think will break this record?


  1. The future tense is used when a sudden decision is made at the moment of speaking.

E.g.:

  • There’s a noise outside. I will just go and check.










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