How to Use Possessive Adjectives for English
Possessive adjectives are the words that modify a noun by showing a form of possession or a sense of belonging to a particular person or thing. In simple words, possessive adjectives are those which are used to show possession or ownership of something. Furthermore, the possessive adjective needs to agree with the possessor and not with the thing that is possessed.
Some of the most common possessive adjectives used in the English language include my, our, their, its, your, her, his, and whose (interrogative).
My house is very old. (In this sentence ‘my’ is used to express the ownership for the noun ‘house’)
Whose bag is this? (In this interrogative sentence, the word “whose” is used to express ownership for the noun “bag.”
My sister is here (in this example, the possessive adjective “my” indicates a close personal relationship with the noun “sister.”)
When to use Possessive Adjective
Below are some of the conditions, we use possessive adjectives in-
1. Possessive Adjective is used to show something belongs to somebody
That’s our car.
My house is pretty old.
2. Possessive Adjective is used to demonstrate relations and friends
My father is a pilot
How old is your bike?
3. Possessive Adjective is used to demonstrate the parts of the body
She’s washing her hair.
I need to clean my hands
How to form the Possessive Adjectives
Similar to all the adjectives in English, the possessive adjectives are formed by always being used directly in front of the noun they refer to i.e. Possessive Adjective + Noun
Possessive adjectives are different from possessive pronouns and their usage differs accordingly
This is your bag (possessive adjective)
And this is mine (possessive pronoun)
2. ‘its’, ‘their’ are possessive adjectives and should be used accordingly
Its color is beautiful
Their car is in their garage.
‘it's’, ‘they're’ and ‘there’ are not the possessive adjectives and are used as below-
‘its’ is a contraction of ‘it is’ or ‘it has’
‘they're’ is a contraction of ‘they are’
‘There’ is an adverb of place.
It's not my dress = It is not my dress
Jill and Jane are from Australia. They're my neighbors = they are my neighbors.
Please, put the books there. (adverb)