How to Form Adverbs for English
Updated: Jan 10
Adverbs are the words that describe or modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. In simple words, Adverbs are used to express how something is done.
Laura is laughing- This sentence has the verb ‘laugh’ as the action
Laura is laughing loudly- In this sentence, the word ‘loudly’ is an adverb since it tells us more about the action (intensity in this case)
How to use the Adverbs
There are several ways the Adverbs can be used as discussed below-
Adverbs modifying a Verb
Jim is talking nicely
She can speak French fluently
She may come here
Adverbs modifying an adjective
The book is extremely funny
The parents are joyously happy
Adverb modifying another adverb
She drives her car very carelessly
Jim responded too quickly
Formation of Adverbs
The below are the main rules for the formation of the Adverbs
In general, Adverbs are formed by adding-ly at the end of the adjectives
e.g.: quickly, loudly, beautifully, happily, joyously, interestingly, easily strangely, bravely; ably, cheerfully, modestly, selfishly; vigorously etc
Mina is a beautiful girl. (Adjective – beautiful)
Mina smiled beautifully. (Adverb – beautifully)
He is a strange fellow. (Adjective – strange)
He behaved strangely. (Adverb – strangely)
Silent e is dropped in true, due, whole e.g.: true → truly
y becomes I e.g.: happy → happily
le after a consonant is dropped e.g.: sensible → sensibly
2. Adverbs are formed by adding the suffixes wise, ways, ward and wards
The student glanced sideways at the teacher.
Adverbs are formed with the words which are used as both adjectives and adverbs such as early, easy, daily, leisurely etc.
Joe is an early riser.
I got up early today.
4. There are some adverbs that exist without the use of –ly at the end of the adjectives
e.g.: very, too, pretty, right, low, far, hard, well, close, straight etc
Various types of Adverbs
An adverb can modify a verb, adjective or another adverb in various ways, basis which they can be classified as-
Adverb of Manner: e.g.: Sadly, Happily, Rudely, Angrily, Rapidly etc
Adverb of Time: e.g.: Then, Yesterday, Tomorrow, Now, Soon, Tonight, Again etc
Adverb of Pace: e.g.: Inside, Outside, Somewhere, Inside, High, Top etc
Adverb of Frequency: e.g.: Usually, Often, Seldom, Generally, Occasionally etc