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To Do

What is the verb to do in English?
How to conjugate the verb to do?
What is the past of do?
What is the present of do?
What are main and helping verbs?

Helping verbs – to do – to have

1) We use auxiliary verbs to form questions, negative sentences, compound tenses (the perfect tense or the continuous tense), or the passive voice. Auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs. They are used together with a main verb to give grammatical information and additional meaning to a sentence.

Although there are 23 helping verbs in English, which include modal verbs (can, must etc.), the basic auxiliary verbs are to be, to do, to have.

2) The verbs to do and to have can be used as auxiliary and main verbs.

My sister does her own taxes. (main verb)

Do you believe in ghosts? (auxiliary verb; helps to form a question in the present simple tense)

Ann has a well-paying job. (main verb; the verb to have is used in the present simple tense in American English)

Ann has got a well-paying job. (auxiliary verb; the verb to have is used in the present perfect tense in British English)

Note that the verbs to do and to have are irregular.

Base form
Present form
Past form
Present Participle/Gerund
Past Participle

You can use the auxiliary verbs to do and to have:

a) when you don't want to repeat something.

Everyone likes going to the movies, but I don’t. (=I don’t like going to the movies.)

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