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Proper Nouns

What are proper nouns?
What is the difference between common and proper nouns?
What are proper nouns examples?
What are some proper nouns?
What words are proper nouns?
Why do we capitalize proper nouns?
Why use proper nouns?
When to capitalize proper nouns?
How to identify proper nouns?
How to use proper nouns?

1) A noun is a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things (common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper noun).

You can buy coffee at Starbucks.
2) A proper noun is a noun that refers to a unique entity, such as (names, names of cities, planets, corporations etc.) as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities.

London is the capital of Great Britain.

Note that proper nouns are unique names. Thus, they are capitalized.

Olivia wants to travel around Europe next year.

We should also capitalize:

a) festivals.

Christmas and Thanksgiving are my two favourite holidays!

b) people’s titles.

Everything depends on President Trump and his decisions.

c) the names of books, films, plays, paintings. We use capital letters for nouns, adjectives, and verbs in the titles.

I’ve just finished reading ‘The Old Man and the Sea’.

Sometimes we use a person’s name to refer to something they have created.

We were listening to Mozart the other day.
I’m reading an Iris Murdoch now.

When you use a word denoting a family member (e.g. mom, dad, uncle), capitalize it only if the word is being used exactly as you would use a name, i.e. if you were addressing the person directly. If the word is not being used as a name, it is not capitalized.

Please ask Dad if he can buy wine on his way home.
Is your dad coming over for dinner?

Whenever you see a capitalized word, question whether or not it is a proper noun. Make sure that the capitalized word is, in fact, a noun as there are also proper adjectives.

Asia is one of the continents of the world. (proper noun)
I don’t really like Asian food. (proper adjective)

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