Present Simple Verb Tense

What is the present simple tense?
How to form present simple tense?
When do we use present simple tense?


Present Simple Tense



Introduction
1) We use the present simple when we talk about things in general. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general:

Jane works as a barista. Her shift begins at 7 a.m.
2) The present simple is formed with the bare infinitive form of the verb. We add -s in the third person singular (he/she/it).

I like apples but my father likes grapes.

Verbs ending in o, s, ch, sh, x add -es for the third person singular.

My sister watches TV in the evening and my brother does his homework.

Such verbs as to be and to have are irregular.

I am
we are


I have
we have
you are
you are


you have
you have
he/she/it is
they are


he/she/it has
they have


Note the difference between British English and American English.

(BrE) I have got a car. (Present Perfect)
(AmE) I have a car. (Present Simple)

Questions are formed with do and the bare infinitive form of the verb. The third person singular is formed with does. Negatives are formed with do not and the bare infinitive form of the verb.

The third person singular is formed with does not and the bare infinitive form of the verb.

(+) He gets up at 6 o’clock every morning.
(-) He does not get up at 6 o’clock every morning. He gets up at 7.
(?) Does he get up at 6 o’clock every morning?/When does he get up?

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