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Prepositional Phrases

What is a prepositional phrase? How do you find the preposition in a sentence? Do prepositional phrases need commas?

Prepositional Phrases
1) A prepositional phrase is a group of words consisting of a preposition and a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause.

She tried to calm down the baby by singing lullabies.

A prepositional phrase always consists of two basic parts at minimum: the preposition and its object.

I think I’ll be at (preposition) home (noun).

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that can consist of:

a) a preposition and a noun.

Erick was fired from McDonald’s.

b) a preposition and a pronoun.

He always leaves little presents for me.

c) a preposition and a gerund.

Carol managed to lose some weight thanks to exercising.

d) a preposition and a clause.

I need to talk to you about stuff we need for our trip.

A prepositional phrase can function either as an adjective or an adverb in the sentence.

As an adjective, the prepositional phrase answers the question ‘Which one?‘.

The boy with red hair was taking photos outside.

Which one? The one with read hair.

As an adverb, the prepositional phrase answers the questions ‘How?/When?/Where?‘.

Gaby went for a run at 5 o’clock.

When did she go for a run? At 5 o’clock.

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