What are the different types of limiting adjectives? What is the difference between descriptive and limiting adjectives?
1) An adjective is a word or set of words that modifies (i.e. describes) a noun (e.g. girl, boy etc.) or pronoun (e.g. we, it etc.). Adjectives may come before or after the word they modify.
This is a cute cat. This cat is cute.
2) There are many kinds of adjectives. Among them there is a category of limiting adjectives. They help to define or ‘limit’ a noun or pronoun by telling which one, what kind, or how many.
This sandwich is delicious.
There are the following categories of limiting adjectives:
a) articles are the most commonly used adjectives. A, an, the indicate whether the noun is used indefinitely or definitely.
There is a bed, a mirror, a wardrobe, and an easel in the room.
b) demonstrative adjectives are adjectives that are used to modify a noun so that we know which specific person, place, or thing is mentioned. The most common demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, those.
This is July, and that girl other there is Judy.
c) numerals can function as limiting adjectives limiting the noun to a specific number or amount.
One chocolate bar, two cups of coffee, and ten hours of hard work were put into this.
d) indefinite adjectives are used to describe a noun in a non-specific sense. The most common indefinite adjectives are any, each, few, many, much, most, several, some. They are often used to describe a noun showing an element of uncertainty.
There were several people in the room.
In the category of limiting adjectives there are also pronominal and possessive adjectives that will be covered in the following lessons.
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