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Future Perfect Tense

What is the future perfect tense? How do we use future perfect tense? How to use future perfect tense?

The Future Perfect


1) We use the future perfect to look back from one point in the future to an earlier event. The situations has not happened yet, but at a certain time in the future it will happen.

By next week I’ll have written 20 pages for my new book.

2) The future perfect is formed with will + have + the past participle. Questions are formed by inverting the subject and will. Negatives are formed with not. Contracted forms are used.

(+) John will have arrived here by 5 p.m. tomorrow.
(-) He won’t have arrived here by 5 p.m. tomorrow.
(?) Will he have arrived here by 5 p.m. tomorrow?

We often use by + time expression with the future perfect to show that the situations has not happened yet, but at a certain time in the future it will happen.

Won’t they have invited us by Friday?
James will have finished his thesis by this time next week.

We can also use when, as soon as, before, or by the time to show the sequence of events. In this case, use the present simple tense in the parts with when, by the time etc.

Will you have dressed up when I pick you up?
By the time you read this I will have left the city.

Remember that the future perfect is used only for actions that will be completed by a particular time in the future. If the deadline is not mentioned, use the future simple instead.

She will leave her hometown.
She will have left her hometown. She will have left her hometown by this time next year.

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