Conditions Type Mixed
1) Conditionals are sentences with two clauses – a main clause and an if clause. Conditionals state that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition in the if clause is fulfilled.
If we don’t hurry, we will be late!
2) There are five main types of conditionals in English.
Mixed conditionals refer to conditional sentences that combine two different types of conditional patterns. The mixed conditional is used to refer to a time in the past, and a situation that is ongoing in the present.
If I had won the lottery, I would buy a huge house. (I didn’t win the lottery in the past and I’m living in a small apartment right now.)
The most common mixed conditional is when we have a third conditional in the if clause (if + past perfect) followed by a second conditional (would + the base form of the verb) in the main clause. Note that the order of the main and if clauses is not fixed. Although when the if clause precedes the main one, use a comma.
If + past perfect
would + V
If Kate had studied more,
she would have a better GPA.
If he had started painting the picture in June,
it would be finished now.
The less common mixed conditional is when we have a second conditional in the if clause (if + past simple) followed by a third conditional (would have + past participle) in the main clause. This conditional refers to an unreal present situation and its possible (but unreal) past result.
If I wasn’t afraid of flying, I would have travelled by air. (I am afraid of flying in general. And that time I travelled by train.)
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