Conditions Type 3

Conditionals - Type 3


Introduction
1) Conditionals are sentences with two clauses – a main clause and an if clause. Conditionals state that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition in the if clause is fulfilled.

If we don’t hurry, we will be late!


2) There are five main types of conditionals in English.
Conditionals Type 3 or third conditionals are used to describe a past event that is different to what really happened. These sentences are solely hypothetical, thus there is always some implication of regret.

If we hadn’t booked this trip, we wouldn’t have missed her graduation ceremony. (We wanted to be at her graduation ceremony but we missed it because we were on a trip somewhere else.)

Use the past perfect tense in the if clause and would have + the past participle in the main clause. Note that the order of the main and if clauses is not fixed. Although when the if clause precedes the main one, use a comma.

IF clause
MAIN clause
If + past perfect
would have + Ved/past participle
If we had bought that lottery ticket,
we would have won.
If Jake hadn’t drunk that night,
he wouldn’t got into the car accident.


Note that both would and had can be contracted to 'd. Remember that would never appears in the if clause.

If I had known that, I would have warned you. = If I’d known that, I’d have warned you.

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