Conditions Type 0

Conditionals - Zero Type
Introduction
1) Conditionals are sentences with two clauses – a main clause and an if clause. Conditionals state that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition in the if clause is fulfilled.

If we don’t hurry, we will be late!


2) There are five main types of conditionals in English.
Zero conditionals are used to describe things that are always or generally true. Thus we refer to the real and possible situations, general truths, or scientific facts.

If two people fall in love, they become a couple. (In general, people become a couple if they fall in love with each other.)

Use the present simple tense in both parts of the zero conditionals. Note that the order of the main and if clauses is not fixed. Although when the if clause precedes the main one, use a comma.

IF clause
MAIN clause
If + present simple
present simple
If the temperature is above 0 degrees outside,
the snow melts.
If my friend invites me over,
I always accept her invitation.


Note that we can use when instead of if without any changes in the meaning.

When winter comes, the birds fly to the south.

Zero conditionals are often used to give instructions. In this case, we use the imperatives in the main clause.

Call me if you need any help.
If you are not satisfied with your major, change it.

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