Clauses - Overview
1) A clause is a combination of words containing a subject and a predicate.
Peter goes to the gym. (one clause)
Peter goes to the gym after he finishes his work. (two clauses)
2) There are two types of clauses in English:
a) an independent (main) clause contains a subject and a predicate and expresses a finished thought. Thus it can stand alone as a sentence.
Pam likes drawing and painting.
Andy is currently unemployed.
Note that the independent clause is a simple sentence when dependent clauses within one sentence are absent.
b) a dependent (subordinate) clause gives additional information to the main sentence, thus it cannot stand alone as a separate sentence.
Mr. Klarkson, whose works are critically acclaimed, has published a new book.
Mary started laughing when she saw a pug wearing a costume.
An independent clause forms a complex sentence together with a dependent clause.
I’d like to know why I can’t book a room at this hotel.
The woman stood crying as people were passing by.
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