Adjective Clause

Adjective (Relative) Clause


Introduction
1) A dependent (subordinate) clause gives additional information to the main sentence, thus it cannot stand alone as a separate sentence.

When she comes back home after a long day at work, she likes to take a bath.


2) An adjective clause is a dependent clause that modifies nouns or pronouns providing additional information.

The house where we were born was demolished last month. (the adjective clause modifies the noun ‘house’)

An adjective clause can begin with words such as that, who, whom, whose, which, when, where, and why.

Children whose parents spend a lot of time with them are bound to be happier.

There are two types of adjective clauses:

a) a restrictive (essential) adjective clause provides information that is necessary to distinguish the modified word, thus it cannot be omitted. These clauses usually begin with that and are not set off with commas.

The English course that Ann takes is aimed at written skills. (There are different types of English courses, but the peculiarity of the course that Ann takes is that it is aimed at written skills.)

b) a nonrestrictive (nonessential) adjective clause provides additional information, thus it can be omitted without any loss of meaning. These clauses usually begin with which and are always set off with commas.

Bananas, which I eat daily, are packed with nutrients and vitamins. (Bananas are very healthy. By the way, I eat them every day. → This additional information doesn’t change the fact that bananas are healthy.)

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