Verb Conjugation 1st 2nd 3rd Person

What does it mean to conjgate a verb?
What are the 8 forms of verbs?
How to conjugate a verb?

First person singular/plural
Second person singular/plural
Third person singular/plural

Verb Conjugation - Person



Introduction
1) Verb conjugation refers to how a verb changes to indicate a different person, number, tense, or mood.

I’m a student. (1st person, singular, present simple, indicative mood)


2) Verbs should be conjugated with regards to person. Depending on the subject, a verb can stand in the first, second, or third person. Study the following table:



singular
plural
1st person
I
we
2nd person
you
you
3rd person
he, she, it
they


As you can see, the pronouns I, we refer to the first person; you – to the second person; he, she, it, they – to the third person.

We work on Saturdays. (first person)
You need to take a break. (second person)
It is snowing outside. (third person)

Usually we assume the person of the verb in the sentence automatically as we almost always state a subject explicitly.

Sarah has signed up for a yoga class. (Sarah can be substituted with the pronoun she; the verb is in the third person)






Note that the verb to be is irregular and has 3 forms in present tenses and 2 forms in past tenses. These forms depend on the person expressed by the subject.



present
past
1st person
I am
we are
I was
we were
2nd person
you are
you are
you were
you were
3rd person
he/she/it is
they are
he/she/it was
they were






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